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Inventing Kindergarten

Inventing Kindergarten
by Norman Brosterman, Kiyoshi Togashi (Photographer)

The Froebel gifts and occupations are photographed and explained. Were they the inspiration for the art and architecture of the twentieth century? The visual evidence is compelling.
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A Child's Work

A Child's Work: Freedom and Guidance in Froebel's Educational Theory and Practice
by Joachim Liebschner

Friedrich Froebel said, "A child's play is his work". This book presents a full account of this cornerstone of Froebel's philosophy. A firm believer in guided play as the most important learning tool for young children, Froebel was the inventor of the Kindergarten and the founder of the first teacher training college for women.
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Online Forum: bibliography

a selection of recent publications about Froebel and Kindergarten

"Let us Live for our Children: Kindergarten Movements in Germany and the United States, 1840-1914," History of Education Quarterly 28 (Spring, 1988): 23-48.

"Gardens of Children, Gardens of God: Kindergartens and Day-Care Centers in Nineteenth-Century Germany," Journal of Social History 19 (Spring, 1986): 433-50.

"Spiritual Motherhood: German Feminists and the Kindergarten Movement, 1840-1911," History of Education Quarterly 22 (Fall, 1982): 319-340.

"Revising Froebel: English revisionist Froebelians and the schooling of the urban poor" in Practical Visionaries: Women, Education and Social Progress 1790-1930, Hilton, M. and Hirsch, P. (Eds.)

"Rethinking Froebel's Kindergarten Metaphor: A Study of Culture and Development." Irma Woods, doctoral thesis in early childhood education from the University of Texas at Austin

"A child's work: freedom and play in Froebel's educational theory and practice." by Joachim Liebschner, Cambridge: Lutterworth Press, 1992

"The life of Friedrich Froebel and his main philosophical ideas" by Joachim Liebschner and "How does paper-folding fit into Froebel's educational theory?" by Joachim Liebschner in Proceedings of the First International Conference on Origami in Education and Therapy, Birmingham, England, October 1991. Edited John Smith. Published by the British Origami Society, 1992.

Play in Early Childhood Education: A Select Bibliography

"The case for kindergarten - a call for another look at Friedrich Froebel’s amazing invention" Norman Brosterman, Architectural Record, vol. 185 (March 1997), p.17 [1].

"Child’s Play" Norman Brosterman, Art in America, vol. 85 (April 1997), pp.108 [5].

"Inventing Kindergarten" Norman Brosterman, Kiyoshi Togashi (Photographer), Published by Harry N Abrams April 1997

a selection of recent books about Froebel and Kindergarten

A Child's Work Freedom and Guidance in Froebel's Educational Theory and Practice by Joachim Liebschner Paperback - 153 pages (March 2002) ISBN: 0718830148

Foundations of progressive education : the history of the National Froebel Society by Joachim Liebschner ISBN: 0718828356

Exploring Learning : Young Children and Blockplay by Pat Gura, Tina Bruce, Paperback (March 1992) ISBN: 185396171X

Child’s Garden: The Kindergarten Movement From Froebel to Dewey Michael Steven Shapiro, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1983 ISBN: 0271003502

Friedrich Froebel and English education by Evelyn Mary Lawrence ISBN: 0710062745

The playmaster of Blankenburg: the story of Friedrich Froebel, 1782-1852 by Barbara Denny ISBN: 0903413523

Froebel and Education Through Self Activity by H. Bowen ISBN: 084827377X

Friedrich Froebel by Robert Bingham Downs ISBN: 0805776680

early Froebel writings

Education of Man by Friedrich Froebel ISBN 0678007640

Mothers Songs Games and Stories Froebels Mutterund Rose Leider in English by Friedrich Froebel, Hardcover reprint edition (April 1976) Ayer Co Pub; ISBN: 0405079192

a Froebel bibliography by Dr Kevin J. Brehony

quotes from The Education of Man

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