influence of Friedrich Froebel
Froebel's kindergarten was a school for the psychological training of little children by means of play and occupations. The kindergarten method as defined by Froebel is based upon a series of geometrical gifts and a system of categories. In the kindergarten, the child plays with one of the gifts at a time to discover its properties and possibilites for design. The gifts were presented to the child in sequence and the child was allowed to play with them freely. Whenever the child ran out of ideas for play, the mother or teacher can invoke one or more of the categories to suggest another way to play. The child is thus encouraged to think about certain kinds of designs that can be made with the gifts.
Other gifts consisted of slats, sticks, rings, strings and points, colored tablets, colored papers to cut and fold, clay and sand, pencils and paints.
Forms of Knowledge
Forms of Life
Forms of Beauty
Froebel Sites to Visit:
the originator of the kindergarten
worked and studied with the noted Swiss educational reformer Johann Pestalozzi
1816, founded athe Universal German Educational Institute for children aged 3 to 7
established in 1837 the first Kindergarten, meaning "children's garden"
begins training of kindergarten teachers in 1849
stressed the natural growth of children through play
kindergartens to be established throughout western Europe, and the US in the 1850's and in Germany and Japan after 1860.
secure online ordering of the original Froebel gifts and blocks from The Froebel Gallery.
Inventing Kindergarten uses extraordinary visual materials to reconstruct this successful system, to teach young children about art, design, mathematics, and nature.
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