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Origins of Nursery Education:

The Froebelian Experiment

6 volumes edited by Kevin J. Brehony

As one of the early pioneers of nursery education, Frederich Froebel is ripe for re-evaluation. This set reprints a selection of English translations of his work, as well as writings on the reception and critique of his methods.

Routledge invited Dr Kevin J. Brehony to edit this collection of Froebel's work and Froebelian texts, which was published in August 2001.

Volume 1.
The Education of Man. by Friedrch Froebel (1885)

Volume 2.
Letters on the Kindergarten. by Friedrich Froebel (1887)

Volume 3.
Pedagogics of the Kindergarten. by Friedrch Froebel (1900)

Volume 4.
Friedrich Froebel's Education By Development : the second part of the Pedagogics of the Kindergarten by Friedrch Froebel (1896)

Volume 5.
Mothers Songs and selected writings


Froebel, F. (1900) Mother's Songs, Games and Stories. (omitting the music manauscripts)

Marenholtz-Bulow, B. M.von. (1855) Women's Educational Mission Being an Explanation of Friedrich Froebel's System of Infant Gardens. (Translated by Countess Krockow von Wickerode) London. Dalton.

Shirreff, E. (1880) The Kindergarten Principles of Froebel's System and Their Bearing on the Education of Women. London, Swan Sonnenschein.

Shirreff, E. (1888). "What is women's work in the world". Journal of Education X(232): 519-520.

Volume 6.
The Evolution of English Nursery Education


Ronge, J. and Ronge, B. (1865) A Practical Guide to the English Kindergarten.

Froebel, K. (1875). Explanation of the Kindergarten.

Bowen, H. C. (1887) 'Hints to Froebel Students'. Journal of Education. Vol. IX. May. pp. 229-232.

Curwen, A. J. (1899) 'Connectedness and Continuity in Musical Education'. Child Life Vol. 1. No. 3. pp. 121-124.

Miall, L. C. (1896) 'Froebel. A Text and Commentary'. Journal of Education. Vol. XVIII. Sept. pp. 532-534.

Shirreff, E. (1889) 'Froebel's Principles of Education'. Journal of Education. Vol.XI. Dec. pp. 615-616.

Handwork and Slöyd

Chapman, E. (1887) 'Slöjd' Journal of Education Vol. IX. Feb. pp. 71-7

Ward, M. (1888) 'Slöjd at Nääs'. Journal of Education. Vol. X. Dec. pp. 562-563.

In the Kindergarten

Betts, G. (1953) 'Miss Fanny Franks and the Camden House School'. National Froebel Foundation Bulletin. No. 83. August. pp. 2-4.

Bishop, C. (1914) 'Life in the Kindergarten'. Child Life. Vol.XVI . No. 89 pp. 142-147.

Free kindergartens

Buckton, A. (1899) 'Sesame Child Garden and House for Home Training'. Child Life. Vol. I, No. 1. pp. 32-36.

Margesson, I. and Jonson, A. (1900) 'Report of the First Year's Work at Sesame House'. Child Life. Vol. II, No. 8. pp. 252-254.

Owen, G. (1900) 'An English Student's Impressions of American Kindergartens'. Child Life. Vol. II, No. 6. pp. 97-102. (

Wragge, M. (1900) 'The Mission Kindergarten in Woolwich'. Child Life. Vol. II, No. 8. pp. 247-248.

Responses to Darwinian criticism

Cooke, E. (1904) 'Is Development from Within? Did Froebel's Conception Differ from Darwin's?'. Child Life. Vol. VI. No. 24. pp. 185-192. and Vol. VII. No. 25. pp. 14-23.

Franks, F. (1903) 'Some Notes on Current Objections to the Kindergarten'. Child Life. Vol. V. No. 19. pp. 121-126. (6pp)

Froebel revised

Findlay, M. E. (1900) 'Miss Blow on Froebel's Philosophy of Education'. Child Life. Vol. II. No. 5. pp. 27-32.

Findlay, M. E. (1900) 'The Kindergarten Movement in America' Child Life. Vol. II, No. 7. pp. 158-163.

Findlay, M. E. (1909) 'Educational Issues in the Kindergarten' Child Life Vol. XI. No. 45. pp. 19-22. No. 46. pp. 54-56. No. 47. 77-80.

Findlay, M. E. [1914] 'Anthropology and the New Education' in Various Writers.(Ed) School and Life. London, Geo. Philip. pp. 31-49.

Lyschinska, M. J. (1901) 'Froebel, Stanley Hall and Henriette Schrader'. Journal of Education. Vol. XXIII, August. pp. 501-503.

Murray, E. R. (1903) 'That Symmetrical Paper Folding and Symmetrical Work With the Gifts Are a Waste of Time for Both Students and Children'. Child Life. Vol. V. No. 17. pp. 14-18.

Nuth, M. E. (1909) 'Kindergarten Games'. Child Life. Vol. XI. No. 46. pp. 43-46.

McMillan, M. (1905) 'True and False Applications of Froebel's Principles to the Teaching of Children Over Seven'. Child Life. Vol.VII, No. 27. p.142- 146. (5pp)

McMillan, M. (1909) 'Froebel Yesterday and Tomorrow'. Child Life. Vol. XI, No. 48. pp. 117-118.

McMillan, M. (1926). Friedrich Froebel. Child Life XXVIII(138): 74-75.

Welton, J. (1900) 'A Synthesis of Herbart and Froebel'. Journal of Education. Vol. XXII. March. pp. 203-206.

The Froebelian critique of infants schools

Shirreff, E. A. (1887) 'Infant Schools and Kindergartens' Journal of Education. Vol. IX. April. pp. 187-188.

Wroe, M. A. (1905) '"Babies" in Infant Schools' Child Life. Vol. VII, No. 28. pp. 193-195.

Bathurst, K. (1906) 'Miss Bathurst v. The Board of Education'. Journal of Education. Vol. XXVIII. Jan. pp. 24-26.(3pp)

Gavin, H. (1906) 'Reports on Children Under Five Years of Age'. Child Life. Vol. VIII, No. 29. pp. 27-29. (3pp)

Brown Smith, H. (1908) 'The School Attendance of Children Under Five'. Journal of Education. Vol. XXX. Dec. pp. 804-805.

Revisonist Froebelianism and Montessori

Murray, E. R. (1913) 'Educational Pamphlets No. 24'. Child Life Vol. XV. No. 77, pp. 10-15.

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