Froebel Web
links to websites about Friedrich Froebel, kindergarten, the Froebel gifts and blocks, and early childhood education

websites of founding members

Friedrich Fröbel Framework

Friedrich Fröbel International Research Group

The Froebel Gallery

international web sites

Life and Work of Friedrich Fröbel in Pictures

Pestalozzi Fröbel Haus Berlin

Fröbel-Hřjskolen Denmark

Frřbelseminariet Denmark

Froebel's International School
Islamabad, established in 1975, the School started out as a Playgroup center. Froebel's soon became an Elementary School, and in 1984 prepared students for the University of London GCE Ordinary (O') Levels.

Escola Evangélica Friederic Froebel

synopsis of Froebel's life in Spanish

interesting web sites

Summer 1995: Froebel Blocks Assignment Virtual World Classroom
Summer 1996: Froebel Blocks - A Wrightian Construction

Early creativity: a fundamental concept

The Froebel Story

Significant Contributions Froebel Made to Education

  • He founded the Universal German Educational Institute for training teachers.
  • Froebel divided the process of early education into distinct stages of physical and mental development and developed specific educational tasks for each stage.
  • He developed the kindergarten system, the program that shapes a child's view of schooling.
  • Froebel's new philosophy of education introduced and focused on child-centered learning.
  • Unlike other institutions, Froebel's new educational system was open to children of all social classes and religious denominations.

Was Adler Influenced by Froebel?
This article by Henry T. Stein, Ph.D.offers a provocative speculation about a potentially powerful and creative influence of the Froebel kindergarten methods, materials, and philosophy on Alfred Adler as a child, and his later founding of Individual Psychology.

"Reading Norman Brosterman's new book Inventing Kindergarten, about the the influence of the Froebel kindergarten on modern art and architecture, I was fascinated by the conceptual similaries shared by Alfred Adler, Friedrich Froebel, and Frank Lloyd Wright."

review of Inventing Kindergarten
Brosterman rescues Friedrich Froebel, the creator of the kindergarten and the father of early childhood education, from undeserved neglect and obscurity.

another review of Inventing Kindergarten

Interview with Norman Brosterman

Architect Norman Brosterman says design toys used in German educator Friedrich Froebel's 19th century child educational system, still known as kindergarten, prefigure modern conceptions of geometric abstraction, and can be seen clearly in the later work of former kindergartners Georges Braques, Piet Mondrian, Paul Klee, Le Corbusier, and many other familiar and important artists and architects.

The "Froebel gifts" the children were given to play with included building blocks, parquetry tiles, origami papers, modeling clay, sewing kits and other design projects, and became wildly popular in the 19th century. Listen to Dennis Andersen's searching interview with Norman Brosterman and his compelling insights into the link between kindergarten and modern geometric abstract art and architecture

1st U.S. kindergarten schooled 5 youngsters in Watertown
German immigrant ran class, advocated new educational philosophy

The advancement of kindergarten education was a major focus for the energies of female reformers in Germany during the 1848 revolution and the rest of the nineteenth century. Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), an educator and philosopher who had studied with Swiss pedagogue Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, formulated the educational philosophy of the kindergarten

A child who plays and works thoroughly, with perseverence, until physical fatigue forbids will surely be a thorough, determined person, capable of self-sacrifice.
Friedrich Fröbel

Britannica Online featured Froebel Gifts in Toys Through Time

other key websites

Friedrich Froebel page at the informal education homepage

The History of Education Site
Lists all kinds of Web resources in this field, simple and complex ones, from all over the world and also provides related texts and sources.

The Origins of Nursery Education: The Froebelian Experiment Announcing the reprinting of Froebel's main texts

The followers of the German educator Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) spread his kindergarten system across the globe. Even in countries like England where the term kindergarten was rejected in favour of 'nursery school', early childhood education bears the unmistakeable impress of Froebel's educational principles if not that of his symbolic and material apparatus. - with an excellent Froebel bibliography

Froebel College of University of Surrey Roehampton in London, England

Froebel College was founded in 1892 to train teachers in accordance with the ideas of Friedrich Froebel and now forms part of the University of Surrey Roehampton and houses The Froebel Archive for Childhood Studies which is particularly rich in material by and about Friedrich Froebel and the growth of the Froebel movement.
Froebel's writings in English and German including first editions of Die Menschenerziehung and the Mutter-und Kose-Lieder
English and German commentaries on Froebelian ideology
Texts and children's books representing the Froebel curriculum - including Nature Study, Handwork, Block Play, Art and Drawing, Music and Movement, Story-Telling
Complete set of the Froebel Society journal Child Life and its successors the National Froebel Foundation Bulletin and Froebel Journal
Archives of Froebel Educational Institute, founded 1892, including administrative records, photographs, student work, reminiscences and The Link, the journal of past Froebel students

The Froebel College, Dublin, Ireland
The philosophy of education of Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) stresses the respect with which the individuality and innate ability of each child should be treated; the importance of creating a happy, harmonious environment in which he or she can grow; and the value of self-activity and play as a foundation on which the integrated development of the whole person can be built.

David Carey (email, a lecturer of education at Froebel College and Adlerian psychologist is interested in the spirituality of education, connections between Froebel and Adlerian philosophy, and would love to hear from anyone who shares these and has an interest in education as soul building and salvific endeavour.

personal homepages

photographic tribute to Froebel College by Andrew Wright

Lynne’s Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel page

Friedrich Fröbel data base

An educator whose influence is still seen today.

links about Friedrich Froebel

Looking At The History of Friedrich Froebel

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